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Federal Legislation



Architectural Barriers Act:
The ABA requires that buildings and facilities be accessible if, since 1968, they were:designed, built, or altered with certain Federal funds, or leased for occupancy by Federal agencies. Buildings and facilities covered by the law must meet standards for accessibility issued by four Federal agencies. Accessibility standards cover such things as: walks, ramps, curb ramps, entrances, elevators, and rest rooms. They indicate how many of a certain item, such as accessible parking spaces, are required, where they must be located, and how they must be built or installed so they can be used by everyone.

Americans with Disabilities Act:
The Americans with Disabilities Act gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, and religion.  It guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in public accommodations, employment, transportation, State and local government services, and telecommunications. 

Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000
The DD Act contains four grant programs designed to assist individuals with developmental disabilities in reaching their maximum potential through increased independence, productivity, inclusion, and community integration. These four grant programs provide funds for: DD Councils, P&As, UCEDDs, and Projects of National Significance.


Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act   
FERPA is a Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. FERPA gives parents certain rights with respect to their children's education records. These rights transfer to the student when he or she reaches the age of 18 or attends a school beyond the high school level. Students to whom the rights have transferred are “eligible students.”

Parents or eligible students have the right to inspect and review the student's education records maintained by the school. Parents or eligible students have the right to request that a school correct records which they believe to be inaccurate or misleading. If the school decides not to amend the record, the parent or eligible student then has the right to a formal hearing Generally, schools must have written permission from the parent or eligible student in order to release any information from a student's education record.

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act:
Originally enacted by Congress in 1975 as the EHA, or the Education of Handicapped Children Act and most recently revised in December 2004, IDEA is the nation’s special education law which ensures children with disabilities have the opportunity to receive a free appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment.  IDEA guides how states and school districts provide special education and related services to more than six million eligible children with disabilities. 

Sections of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973:
Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 prohibits federal contractors and subcontractors from discriminating against and requires affirmative action for qualified individuals with disabilities in all aspects of employment. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance and in federally conducted programs.

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